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Задание 11 № 2432

Про­чи­тай­те текст и за­пол­ни­те про­пус­ки A–F ча­стя­ми пред­ло­же­ний, обо­зна­чен­ны­ми циф­ра­ми 1–7. Одна из ча­стей в спис­ке 1–7 — лиш­няя. За­не­си­те цифры, обо­зна­ча­ю­щие со­от­вет­ству­ю­щие части пред­ло­же­ний, в таб­ли­цу.

 

US Congress

 

The Congress of the United States of America is an important part of the US federal government.

It is an assembly of elected representatives A ___________________ but not to select the chief executive of the nation; that individual is elected by the people.

Congress is not a single organization; it is a vast and complex collection of organizations B ___________________ and through which members of Congress form alliances.

C ___________________, in which political parties are the only important

kind of organization, parties are only one of many important units in Congress.

In fact other organizations have grown in number D ___________________.

The Democrats and Republicans in the House and the Senate are organized by party leaders, E __________________ within the House and Senate. The party structure is essentially the same in the House as in the Senate, though the titles of various posts are different.

But leadership carries more power in the House than in the Senate because of the House rules. F ___________________, the House must restrict debate and schedule its business with great care; thus leaders who do the scheduling and who determine how the rules shall be applied usually have substantial influence.

 

1. as party influence has declined

2. against the spirit of the Constitution

3. being so large (435 members)

4. empowered to make laws

5. unlike the British Parliament

6. by which the business of Congress is carried on

7. who in turn are elected by the full party membership

 

Про­пускABCDEF
Часть пред­ло­же­ния

По­яс­не­ние.

A−4: по пе­ре­во­ду это со­бра­ние из­бран­ных пред­ста­ви­те­ли, ко­то­рые упол­но­мо­че­ны со­зда­вать за­ко­ны но не вы­би­рать ис­пол­ни­тель­ную власть...

B−6: по пе­ре­во­ду это об­шир­ная и слож­ная кол­лек­ция ор­га­ни­за­ций, на ко­то­рых ба­зи­ру­ет­ся де­я­тель­ность кон­грес­са и через ко­то­рые...

C−5: по пе­ре­во­ду: В от­ли­чие от Бри­тан­ско­го Пар­ла­мен­та, в ко­то­ром по­ли­ти­че­ские пар­тии — это един­ствен­ный вид ор­га­ни­за­ций, пар­тии кон­грес­са —...

D−1: по пе­ре­во­ду : По факту дру­гие ор­га­ни­за­ции вы­рос­ли в числе с умень­ше­ни­ем вли­я­ния пар­тий

E−7: — по пе­ре­во­ду : ор­га­ни­зо­ван­ны ли­де­ром пар­тии, ко­то­рый в свою оче­редь вы­би­ра­ет­ся всеми чле­на­ми пар­тии.

F−3: по пе­ре­во­ду : Бу­дучи такой мно­го­чис­лен­ной (435 чле­нов) Белый дом дол­жен...