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Вариант № 986954

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов. Для выполнения заданий 1, 2 прослушайте аудиозапись и выпишите правильную последовательность цифр. Для выполнения заданий 3—9 прослушайте интервью и выберите один из трех вариантов ответа. В задании 10 установите соответствие между текстами A—G и заголовками 1—8. В задании один заголовок лишний. В задании 11 прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A—F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1—7. Одна из частей в списке 1—7 лишняя. Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.


При выполнении заданий 19—25, преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Записывайте ответы без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов; не копируйте слова-ответы из браузера, вписывайте их, набирая с клавиатуры. При выполнении заданий 26—31, образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Записывайте ответы без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов; не копируйте слова-ответы из браузера, вписывайте их, набирая с клавиатуры. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.


Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.


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1
Задание 1 № 2430

Вы услы­ши­те 6 вы­ска­зы­ва­ний. Уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между вы­ска­зы­ва­ни­я­ми каж­до­го го­во­ря­ще­го A–F и утвер­жде­ни­я­ми, дан­ны­ми в спис­ке 1–7. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дое утвер­жде­ние, обо­зна­чен­ное со­от­вет­ству­ю­щей циф­рой, толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии есть одно лиш­нее утвер­жде­ние. Вы услы­ши­те за­пись два­жды.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

1. Don’t rely on others to improve your own eating habits.

2. It’s difficult to eat healthily when you are poor.

3. There is no time to cook when you’re working.

4. The government should do more to help people.

5. We should learn from different cultures.

6. The wrong things are taught in schools.

7. Some people don’t care that their diet is unhealthy.

 

Го­во­ря­щийABCDEF
Утвер­жде­ние

Ответ:

2
Задание 2 № 4635

Вы услы­ши­те диа­лог. Опре­де­ли­те, какие из при­ведённых утвер­жде­ний А–G со­от­вет­ству­ют со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста (1 – True), какие не со­от­вет­ству­ют (2 – False) и о чём в тек­сте не ска­за­но, то есть на ос­но­ва­нии тек­ста нель­зя дать ни по­ло­жи­тель­но­го, ни от­ри­ца­тель­но­го от­ве­та (3 – Not stated). За­не­си­те номер вы­бран­но­го Вами ва­ри­ан­та от­ве­та в таб­ли­цу. Вы услы­ши­те за­пись два­жды.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

A. Jennifer and Thomas have known each other for a long time.

B. Thomas is an American teacher of English working in Moscow.

C. Ivan Shishkin is one of Jennifer’s favourite Russian artists.

D. Thomas finds The Black Square by Kazimir Malevich interesting.

E. Thomas prefers traditional paintings to modern paintings.

F. Jennifer has already visited several places of interest in Moscow.

G. Jennifer will not have to pay for her meal in the restaurant.

 

За­пи­ши­те в ответ цифры, рас­по­ло­жив их в по­ряд­ке, со­от­вет­ству­ю­щем бук­вам:

ABCDEFG
       

Ответ:

3
Задание 3 № 2456

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

The programme is broadcast

 

1) every day.

2) at weekends.

3) in the evening.


Ответ:

4
Задание 4 № 2457

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

In the past, to be called up for national service you had to be

 

1) at least 21 years of age.

2) in certain occupations.

3) a male in good health.


Ответ:

5
Задание 5 № 2458

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

Young people would have a choice about

 

1) whether they were sent to a war zone or not.

2) which community tasks they would perform.

3) whether they would do military or non-military service.


Ответ:

6
Задание 6 № 2459

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

The minister expects that

 

1) people will always find ways of avoiding national service.

2) young people will want to do national service.

3) people’s opinions of national service will change for the better with time.


Ответ:

7
Задание 7 № 2460

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

The minister does NOT mention that national service may have a positive effect on

 

1) the efficiency of the armed services.

2) the number of young people unable to find work.

3) crimes such as hooliganism or vandalism.


Ответ:

8
Задание 8 № 2461

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

The minister is determined to ensure that

 

1) everyone is forced to do national service.

2) university students do national service after their studies.

3) people from similar backgrounds do their service together.


Ответ:

9
Задание 9 № 2462

Вы услы­ши­те ин­тер­вью два­жды. Вы­бе­ри­те пра­виль­ный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

Вос­поль­зуй­тесь пле­е­ром, чтобы про­слу­шать за­пись.

 

The minister states that

 

1) we should look to the past more often for good ideas.

2) there is a small chance that national service will be reintroduced.

3) he doesn’t understand why people would reject his ideas.


Ответ:

10
Задание 10 № 3541

Уста­но­ви­те со­от­вет­ствие между тек­ста­ми A–G и за­го­лов­ка­ми 1–8. За­пи­ши­те свои от­ве­ты в таб­ли­цу. Ис­поль­зуй­те каж­дую цифру толь­ко один раз. В за­да­нии один за­го­ло­вок лиш­ний.

 

1. Unhealthy eating habits

2. Correcting mother nature

3. The turning point

4. The solution

5. Simple lifestyles

6. Summer all year round

7. Unnatural lasts longer

8. A tricky question

 

A. Have you ever wondered where our food comes from? The obvious answer is that it comes from the supermarket. However, that still doesn't answer the question because nowadays, it can come from anywhere on the planet. In addition, we have no idea how some of the food products we buy, such as hot dogs or cookies, are made. For us, food is sometimes a mystery.

B. Long ago, things were not so mysterious. Our ancestors would have known exactly where their food had come from. When we were hunters and gatherers, we ate what we killed or gathered with our own hands. Later as farmers, we grew or raised the food that we ate. If we didn't grow it ourselves, it would have come from a nearby farm or at the furthest, a neighboring village.

C. Beginning in the late 15th century, during the development of trade with India and America everything changed. Explorers discovered exotic kinds of food such as potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkins and chocolate, and introduced them to Europe. Although they are common now, people back then were suspicious and even thought they might be poisonous. All of a sudden, what you were eating was not so obvious.

D. In recent times, technology and modern forms of transportation have changed things even more. Food can be shipped from one side of the planet to the other, and refrigeration means that we don't have to worry about things spoiling. As a result, the whole idea of seasonal fruits and vegetables has lost its meaning and it no longer seems strange to eat strawberries in winter. Exotic fruits have become common, and many people have no idea where they come from.

E. Advances in food science and chemistry have changed food even more. Processed foods such as cookies, cereal, spaghetti sauces and soft drinks are made in factories with chemicals. The reason this is done is to save money since natural ingredients cost much more than artificial ones. It's also done to increase the shelf life, meaning the time that the products can remain on the shelves of the supermarket without going bad.

F. Even if you avoid eating processed foods, you still can't be sure what you are eating. Farming practices have changed beyond recognition and farms are often run like a factory. Animals are injected with hormones to make them fat and fruits and vegetables are genetically modified to produce 'improved' versions. In addition, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are regularly sprayed on plants. The health effects of this are not yet known and have yet to be seen.

G. So what can you do? The main thing you can do is educate yourself so that you know exactly what you are eating. Read the labels carefully and know what chemical ingredients are harmful. Try to buy organic fruits and vegetables that are grown naturally or buy them from local farmers' markets. By being aware and selective of the food that we buy, we can be more certain of what we are eating, enjoy more delicious food, as well as make sure we are eating healthily.

 

ТекстABCDEFG
За­го­ло­вок

Ответ:

11
Задание 11 № 1742

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

 

Mobile phones On New Year’s Day, 1985, Michael Harrison phoned his father, Sir Ernest, to wish him a happy new year. Sir Ernest was chairman of Racal Electronics, the owner of Vodafone, A _______________________.

At the time, mobile phones weighed almost a kilogram, cost several thousand pounds and provided only 20 minutes talktime. The networks themselves were small; Vodafone had just a dozen masts covering London. Nobody had any idea of the huge potential of wireless communication and the dramatic impact B _______________________.

Hardly anyone believed there would come a day when mobile phones were so popular C _______________________. But in 1999 one mobile phone was sold in the UK every four seconds, and by 2004 there were more mobile phones in the UK than people. The boom was a result of increased competition which pushed prices lower and created innovations in the way that mobiles were sold.

When the government introduced more competition, companies started cutting prices to attract more customers. Cellnet, for example, changed its prices, D _______________________. It also introduced local call tariffs.

The way that handsets themselves were marketed was also changing and it was Finland’s Nokia who made E _______________________. In the late 1990s Nokia realized that the mobile phone was a fashion item: so it offered interchangeable covers which allowed you to customize and personalize your handset.

The mobile phone industry has spent the later part of the past decade reducing its monthly charge F _______________________, which has culminated in the fight between the iPhone and a succession of touch screen rivals.

 

1. trying to persuade people to do more with their phones than just call and text

2. that there would be more phones in the UK than there are people

3. and relying instead on actual call charges

4. that mobile phones would have over the next quarter century

5. the leap from phones as technology to phones as fashion items

6. and his son was making the first-ever mobile phone call in the UK

7. the move to digital technology, connecting machines to wireless networks

 

ПропускABCDEF
Часть предложения

Ответ:

12
Задание 12 № 1588

We know that children who eat with their parents benefit because they

 

1) have greater intelligence.

2) show better test results.

3) develop better social skills.

4) learn to speak sooner.


Показать


Ответ:

13
Задание 13 № 1589

Establishing a routine family meal is

 

1) impossible because of computer games, TV, etc.

2) possible only when the children are young.

3) impossible as to eat alone is easier than together.

4) possible with a strategic approach.


Показать


Ответ:

14
Задание 14 № 1590

The most important thing in creating a new routine is to

 

1) start with one shared meal per week.

2) make sure everyone understands the benefits.

3) tempt everyone with a popular meal.

4) keep the kids away from computers and TV sets.


Показать


Ответ:

15
Задание 15 № 1591

Shared family meals should

 

1) accept that even happy families sometimes argue.

2) involve telling lots of jokes as a must.

3) be the setting for trying to deal with family disputes.

4) never be used for family heated discussions.


Показать


Ответ:

16
Задание 16 № 1592

Quiet family members should be encouraged to participate in a conversation by

 

1) asking them to express their opinions.

2) asking about what they have done.

3) inviting them to share their problems.

4) congratulating them from time to time.


Показать


Ответ:

17
Задание 17 № 1593

The next stage in building a meal sharing routine is to

 

1) introduce as many days as possible.

2) introduce cookery competitions.

3) add Wednesday night to the schedule.

4) be persistent and more flexible.


Показать


Ответ:

18
Задание 18 № 1594

Once established, family meals are crucial for

 

1) getting the table set for and cleared after a meal.

2) establishing better rapport with family and friends.

3) teaching children table manners and “work” skills.

4) making the children more independent in life.


Показать


Ответ:

19
Задание 19 № 2433

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ONE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Astronomers

 

People who study the sun, moon, planets and stars are called astronomers. Cave people were some of the __________________astronomers.


Ответ:

20
Задание 20 № 2434

Пре­об­ра­зуй­те, если это не­об­хо­ди­мо, слово THEY так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

They drew the different shapes of the moon on walls of __________________caves. Long ago, sailors studied the stars to help them travel. The ancient Greeks discovered many of the planets.


Ответ:

21
Задание 21 № 2435

Пре­об­ра­зуй­те, если это не­об­хо­ди­мо, слово NOT CHANGE так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

Modern astronomers are much better equipped. But some of the questions that they ask themselves __________________, like, for example, whether there has ever been life on Mars.


Ответ:

22
Задание 22 № 2436

Пре­об­ра­зуй­те, если это не­об­хо­ди­мо, слово BUSY так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

 

Celebrating Christmas in Chicago in 1893

 

The Glessner home glowed as the family welcomed its guests on Christmas night. This was the __________________ and the most exciting day in the whole year!.


Ответ:

23
Задание 23 № 2437

Пре­об­ра­зуй­те, если это не­об­хо­ди­мо, слово REFLECT так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

Candles flickered in the heavy silver candelabra. The warm light from the fireplaces __________________ in the richly waxed furniture.


Ответ:

24
Задание 24 № 2438

Пре­об­ра­зуй­те, если это не­об­хо­ди­мо, слово CALL так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

During the party the guests talked of the amazing new buildings __________________ “skyscrapers” that were rising downtown. Yes, Chicago is a wonderful place to live, they all agreed.


Ответ:

25
Задание 25 № 2439

Пре­об­ра­зуй­те, если это не­об­хо­ди­мо, слово STAND так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

Beyond Prairie Avenue, where the Glessner house was located, were the factories, the railroad yards and the slaughterhouses of a great industrial city. Beyond, too, were the neighborhoods where homeless, hungry people __________________ in line for food. For many, times were hard in December 1893.


Ответ:

26
Задание 26 № 2706

Об­ра­зуй­те от слова SUDDEN од­но­ко­рен­ное слово так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски и лек­си­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

Victoria Falls

Before you even see the falls, you hear and feel them. As you walk along the trail to the entrance, the sound of rumbling water sounds in the background and __________________ your face is hit with a breeze of humidity and mist.


Ответ:

27
Задание 27 № 2707

Об­ра­зуй­те от слова VOLCANO од­но­ко­рен­ное слово так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски и лек­си­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

At 2 km wide and 100 m tall, Victoria Falls is the world’s largest curtain of falling water, and is twice the width and height of Niagara Falls. Victoria Falls was formed from intense __________________ activity almost 200 million years ago.


Ответ:

28
Задание 28 № 2708

Об­ра­зуй­те от слова FAME од­но­ко­рен­ное слово так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски и лек­си­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

As you approach Victoria Falls from the nearby town of Livingstone, you first have to pass a larger-than-life statue of Livingstone, one of the most __________________ explorers.


Ответ:

29
Задание 29 № 2709

Об­ра­зуй­те от слова EUROPE од­но­ко­рен­ное слово так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски и лек­си­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

“Livingstone was the first __________________ to see Victoria Falls and then spread the word about them,” said Dr. Lawrence.


Ответ:

30
Задание 30 № 2710

Об­ра­зуй­те от слова EXCITE од­но­ко­рен­ное слово так, чтобы оно грам­ма­ти­че­ски и лек­си­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста.

 

“Part of the reason the news of great waterfalls in central Africa was so __________________ in the middle of the 19th century was that many people thought that the centre of the continent was a desert,” he added.


Ответ:

31
Задание 31 № 2711

Образуйте от слова EXPLORE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Dr. Lawrence is a lecturer at Scotland’s University of Edinburgh who specialises in the history of science and __________________ in Africa.


Ответ:

32
Задание 32 № 353

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) held

2) took

3) used

4) kept


Показать


Ответ:

33
Задание 33 № 354

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) looked

2) gazed

3) stared

4) watched


Показать


Ответ:

34
Задание 34 № 2379

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) take

2) do

3) make

4) give


Показать


Ответ:

35
Задание 35 № 356

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) worry

2) trouble

3) bother

4) mess


Показать


Ответ:

36
Задание 36 № 357

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) at

2) on

3) in

4) of


Показать


Ответ:

37
Задание 37 № 358

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) tell

2) speak

3) say

4) talk


Показать


Ответ:

38
Задание 38 № 359

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) turning

2) paying

3) drawing

4) bringing


Показать


Ответ:

39
Задание 39 № 4543

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nick who writes:

 

… My elder brother has just come back from Peru and brought lots of souvenirs. Most of them are quite useless. What kind of things do you consider nice souvenirs? Why do you think people buy souvenirs at all? What do you do with the ones you don’t like?

I have finished translating a book …

 

Write a letter to Nick.

In your letter

— answer his questions

— ask 3 questions about his translation

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.


Решения заданий с развернутым ответом не проверяются автоматически.
На следующей странице вам будет предложено проверить их самостоятельно.

40
Задание 40 № 3426

Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказываний и выразите своё мнение по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.

 

Comment on one of the following statements.

 

1. Many people would prefer to work from home.

2. Some young people believe that while at school we should concentrate on studying; others think that working part-time has many advantages.

 

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement? Write 200–250 words. Use the following plan:

− make an introduction (state the problem)

− express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

− express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion

− explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

− make a conclusion restating your position


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41
Задание 41 № 4771

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

 

Birds live everywhere. They vary from pigeons in big cities to penguins in the Antarctic. However, all birds have similar features. For example, they all have wings. Still, not all of them can fly. All birds also have feathers. In fact, birds are the only living animals that have feathers. Birds build nests, in which female birds lay eggs.

Birds are warm-blooded. It means that their body temperature stays about the same. It doesn’t depend much on the temperature of their surroundings. Mammals, including humans, are also warm-blooded.

Birds have always fascinated people. Many people keep birds as pets. We also enjoy watching them in the wild or at zoos. In addition, farmers raise chickens, ducks and geese for their meat and eggs. Also, some people are quite fond of bird hunting.


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42
Задание 42 № 3374

Study the advertisement.

 

You are considering buying some flowers and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) location

2) opening hours

3) kinds of flowers in stock

4) if they sell pot plants

5) discounts for big orders

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


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43
Задание 43 № 4502

These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.

 

 

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

 

You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”


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44
Задание 44 № 3710

Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the seasons presented in the pictures you preferred as a child

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

 


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