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Вариант № 873910

1.

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.

 

 

1. This kind of tour is for strong and fit people.

2. Professional staff make these difficult tours fun.

3. Rafting can be life-threatening.

4. Team spirit and optimism are important in such tours.

5. This company ignores tourists' safety.

6. If you secure your life jacket properly, you'll come home safely.

7. Before such tours you should learn how to move and breathe in rapid water.

 

 

ГоворящийABCDEF
Утверждение

2.

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

 

 

A) When leaving school Emily already knew that she would study medicine.

B) Emily left Melbourne to get new experiences.

C) Emily moved to Finland because she found her lab work in London boring.

D) In Finland people at university preferred to speak Finnish with Emily.

E) David is not happy about his experience of learning French in France.

F) David would like to go by the trans-Siberian train one day.

G) Emily is going to London again to continue her studies of immune system.

 

Запишите в ответ цифры, расположив их в порядке, соответствующем буквам:

ABCDEFG
       

3.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

What does James Smith mean using the word “dream”?

 

1) A wish or a desire of a person.

2) Human cognitive abilities.

3) The process of sleeping.

4.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

One possible reason for having difficulties in realizing one’s dreams is

 

1) criticism from other people.

2) wrong life values.

3) low self-esteem.

5.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

What is necessary to understand one’s dreams?

 

1) Communicating with people.

2) Deep self-reflexion.

3) Analyzing others’ plans.

6.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

What of the following is NOT James Smith’s recommendation?

 

1) Ranging one’s goals

2) Making a list of one’s goals.

3) Sharing one’s goals with friends.

7.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

What is, according to James Smith, the usual outcome of not following his advice?

 

1) Having no dreams and goals.

2) Losing friends.

3) Feeling sorry in the end.

8.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

When saying “live out dreams” James Smith means

 

1) fulfilling them.

2) understanding them.

3) forgetting them.

9.

Вы услышите репортаж дважды. Выберите правильный ответ 1, 2 или 3.

 

 

According to James Smith your dreams depend on your

 

1) joys and regrets.

2) family and friends.

3) talents and abilities.

10.

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

1. Different pets, different characters

2. Having fun together

3. A long-term treatment

4. Reading dog stories

5. Friends in need

6. Pets can teach

7. A global problem and its solution

8. Where to get a pet

 

A. It has become clear that stress affects our mental and physical health and, sadly, our world has become more stressful than ever. We live in the environment that can easily wear us out. Luckily, there are certain methods to reduce stress and have control. One of the best is to own a pet. Pets require attention and dedication, but those are small prices to pay for the amount of benefits they bring into our lives.

 

B. Pets provide support because they are always available to listen (without any judgment) or rub up against your hand, which can help you relax after a hectic day. They can help you see the situation differently and let out some steam.

Moreover, when you are feeling under the weather, there is nothing like a sweet pair of eyes that immediately get your mind off thoughts that are making you sad and depressed.

 

C. Companionship with a loving pet is a real source of entertainment. Pets are constantly giving off love and gratitude, and they are happy to be in your presence. You can be yourself around pets. You can dance silly or talk silly, and they will not criticize you. In fact, they will love the silliness and get silly themselves. Cats and dogs are fantastic companions to sit down and watch TV at night.

 

D. Studies have shown that communicating with a pet boosts the immune system, improves heart health, reduces physical pain, and improves mental health as well. One man with tuberculosis says that the cat he received after his diagnosis kept him going for 21 years with little pain and very few physical issues. He talked to his cat which helped him walk through his troubles. That proves the power of true love that animals have.

 

E. Pets are living creatures that have habits and personalities. They can surprise you. Dogs, cats, and birds are probably most known for having distinct personalities. However, one snake owner says that her snake had his own unique personality. He got excited when she came into the room, and she would often put him in the bathtub where he would do all sorts of funny tricks while splashing around.

 

F. No matter what type of pet you get, it will require you to take care of it. Being responsible for another living being can help you be more responsible in the rest of your life too. This is especially true for kids who are learning the value of good habits. However, adults can benefit from the consistent responsibility as well. Responsible pet owners are kind to pets and remember they are their pets’ world.

 

G. With millions of cats and dogs killed in shelters in the United States every year, adopting a pet instead of buying one saves at least one animal’s life. Adoption saves not only the animal you adopt, but also the new animal the shelter can take in. Adopting from a shelter helps both ends of the problem: fewer animals will be bred, and more animals can go to a good home.

 

ТекстABCDEFG
Заголовок

11.

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

 

 

Mikhail Lomonosov and Moscow State University

 

Mikhail Lomonosov was one of the intellectual titans of XVIII century. His interests ranged from history, rhetoric, art and poetry A ______ . Alexander Pushkin described him as В ______ , whose lifelong passion was learning.

Lomonosov’s activity is a manifestation of the enormous potential of the Russian scientific community. Peter I reformed Russia, which allowed the country to reach the standard of С ______ many spheres. Great importance was placed on education. St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, founded by Peter I, established a university and a grammar school to educate intellectuals and researchers the country needed; however, these educational establishments could not fulfill the task they took on. It was Michail Lomonosov D ______ of establishing a university in Moscow. An influential courtier and the E ______ Count Shuvalov supported Lomonosov's plans for a new university and presented them to the Empress.

In 1755, on 25 January-St. Tatiana's Day according to the Russian Orthodox Church calendar — Elizaveta signed the decree that a university should be founded in Moscow. The opening ceremony took place on 26 April, when Elizaveta's coronation day was celebrated. Since 1755 25 January and 26 April F ______ Moscow University; the annual conference where students present the results of their research work is traditionally held in April.

 

1. who suggested in his letter to Count Shuvalov the idea

2. to mechanics, chemistry and mineralogy

3. a person of formidable willpower and keen scientific mind

4. favourite of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna, the patron of arts and science

5. the contemporary European powers in

6. are marked by special events and festivities at

7. famous among all educated people

 

ПропускABCDEF
Часть предложения

12.

The people in the cafe were all in a hurry because

 

1) they had to buy their lunch far away from the office.

2) they wanted to be the first in line to pay for the food.

3) it was the way they normally behaved at lunch time.

4) they had to buy their lunch before the cashier left for her lunch.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

13.

The woman was fumbling in her purse because she wanted to

 

1) pay for her food.

2) buy a candy bar.

3) find her phone.

4) pay with a check.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

14.

The mother would not let the child buy a candy bar because she

 

1) didn’t have enough money to pay for it.

2) was unreasonably strict with the little kid.

3) thought that he had enough candy already.

4) didn’t trust the quality of the candy from the display.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

15.

The boy was persistent in getting what he wanted and the people in the line

 

1) supported him.

2) started to show irritation.

3) started to shout at the kid.

4) remained indifferent to the incident.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

16.

Judging by the child’s reaction to the punishment we can say that

 

1) it did not teach him anything.

2) he wasn’t used to being punished.

3) he was indifferent to being punished.

4) he wasn’t ready to change his behavior.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

17.

The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause because the child

 

1) was forced to obey.

2) managed to get his way.

3) Had already eaten the candy bar.

4) manipulated his mother skillfully.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

18.

Reflecting on the incident the narrator thought that

 

1) The mother had overreacted.

2) The mother was right in her reaction.

3) he/she wanted his/her own children badly.

4) One should be a parent to have a right to judge.


Getting What He Deserved?

    There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business-day lunch. At the front of the line there was a pretty woman with a small boy of about eight. He was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was depressed.

    As the woman fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.

    “You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She took out her handkerchief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse.

    “But I want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost aggressive.

    The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to whine about the candy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.

    The rest of us in line were beginning to get fidgety. We bunched a little closer together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him bald”, said one man quietly.

    The kid by now was reaching for the candy display in open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand.

    “Put it back”, she said.

    “No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!”

The line bunched even more closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.

    But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back her change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him. A look of disbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to break away but that made his mother flail him again.

    When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing face. With a voice strong and certain, she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”

    The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.”

    The mother turned to go. The child returned the Snickers bar without further hesitation and marched dutifully out behind her.

    The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.

“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother? She may have been absolutely right for all I know. I have no children. I have no right to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the best way to get an idea of normal behavior of children is to get married and raise a few”.

19.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CAN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

 

Who really discovered America?

 

Everybody knows that Christopher Columbus discovered America. Was he really the first to reach the continent? The great Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdal believed that ancient people were able to build boats that ______ cross oceans.

20.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WIDE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

To test his ideas, Heyerdal decided to build a copy of the ancient Egyptian boat and sail across the Atlantic. On May 25, 1969 the boat called Ra left a port in Morocco and headed across the ______ part of the Atlantic.

21.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово PROVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

On May 17, 1970 Ra successfully crossed the Atlantic, ______ that ancient civilizations had enough skill to reach America long before Columbus.

22.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WOMAN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

 

Greek myths: Apollo and Cassandra

 

In ancient Greece there were many temples built for Apollo. He was the god of youth, beauty, music and poetry. Besides, Apollo had one very special skill — he could see the future. One day Apollo came to the temple in Troy. Among other ______ he saw Cassandra, a young and beautiful priestess, who worked at the temple.

23.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово IMPRESS так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Apollo ______ by her grace.

24.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово FALL так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

The minute Apollo saw Cassandra, he ______ in love. It was love at first sight. Apollo offered her a deal. He would give Cassandra the gift of being able to see the future, if she gave him a kiss. Cassandra agreed.

25.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DREAM так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

With a laugh, Apollo gave her the gift, ______ about the reward. Instantly, Cassandra could see the future. She saw Apollo, in the future, helping to destroy Troy.

26.

Образуйте от слова NATURAL однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

 

Robots of the future

Robotic engineers are designing the next generation of robots to look, feel and act more human, to make it easier for us to warm up to a cold machine.

Realistic looking hair and skin with embedded sensors will allow robots to react __________ in their environment.

27.

Образуйте от слова NOTICED однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

For example, a robot that senses your touch on the shoulder turns to greet you.

Subtle actions by robots that go _______ between people, help bring them to life and can also relay non verbal communication.

28.

Образуйте от слова MOVE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Artificial eyes can move and blink. Slight chest ________ simulate breathing.

29.

Образуйте от слова FACE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Man-made muscles are able to change _______ expressions.

30.

Образуйте от слова ACCEPT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

These are all must have attributes for the socially _________ robots of the future.

31.

Образуйте от слова USE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

It may be less pleasant to work in the company of robots but definitely one of the main reasons is the high efficiency of the process of work as not much time will be spent on _______ talks.

32.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) solid

2) heavy

3) hard

4) difficult


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

33.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) achieved

2) arrived

3) entered

4) reached


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

34.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) to

2) on

3) in

4) off


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

35.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) stared

2) gazed

3) looked

4) glanced


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

36.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) inert

2) static

3) quiet

4) still


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

37.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) set

2) sank

3) moved

4) dropped


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

38.

Вставь­те про­пу­щен­ное слово:

 

1) keep

2) hold

3) take

4) give


Во

It was raining. The rain started early in the morning and it seemed, that it would never stop. Looking out of the window, Bo was thinking about his telephone conversation. Raindrops spattered the windshield as the taxi sliced through 32 ______ traffic on Park Avenue. There were too many cars as usual. When it had skidded to a halt at the curb, Bo gave a ten-dollar bill to the driver. That included a very generous tip. He 33 ______ his point of destination and was ready to take on Frank Ramsey. He had called Ramsey that morning from the Yale club and demanded the meeting. Ramsey had tried to avoid it but Bo insisted and Ramsey gave 34 ______ . At the building’s revolving doors, Bo glanced back over his shoulder through the rain and noticed a woman standing on the sidewalk a short distance away. In the dim light he could not get a clear picture. She 35 ______ so much like Tiffany. She was wearing a yellow top and had long blond hair. Standing absolutely 36 ______ beneath her umbrella while everything around her moved, she seemed to be gazing sraight at him. His heart 37 ______ , the way it always did when he saw her. He couldn’t help it. Bo strained to 38 ______ sight of her as he was jostled into the doorway. When he cleared the doors, the woman had already disappeared.

39.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Bill who writes

 

...I don't think it will be a problem for me to choose a good job in the future as I'm really interested in foreign languages, cultures and countries and I hope I'll work as a translator or teacher of foreign languages some day. Have you already decided on your career? What job are you going to choose? Why?

I've lived in the USA my whole life but I'd really love to travel to other countries...

 

Write a letter to Bill. In your letter answer his questions, ask 3 questions about his plans for travelling. Write 100−140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

40.

Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных высказываний и выразите своё мнение по предложенной проблеме согласно данному плану.

 

Comment on one of the following statements.

 

1. The Internet is the biggest evil of our time.

2. Some of my friends say there's nothing better than reading a good book while others would rather watch its film version.

 

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement? Write 200–250 words. Use the following plan:

− make an introduction (state the problem)

− express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

− express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion

− explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

− make a conclusion restating your position

41.

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

 

The first maps were drawn by explorers to help them find their way home and show people where they had been. The maps showed the shape of the land, distances between places and special features such as caves and old trees. Nowadays, maps show the towns and villages, and the roads, railways, rivers and mountains. Symbols are used to show all the different things on a map and there is a key to explain what the symbols stand for.

Over the centuries, people explored most of the Earth and put together the map of the world we use today. Maps of the world or large areas are often either “political” or “physical”. The political map shows territorial borders. The purpose of the physical map is to show features of geography such as mountains, soil type or land use including roads, railroads and buildings.

42.

Study the advertisement.

 

 

You are considering using the real estate agent services and you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:

1) if there special offers

2) all services that he provides

3) online consulting service

4) duration of the meeting

5) number of clients per day

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

43.

These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.

 

 

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

 

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

 

You have to talk continuously, starting with: "I’ve chosen photo number … ".

44.

Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

 

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say what kind of work presentedin the photos you prefer

• explain why

 

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.